パク・ウォンスン市長 モンゴルで「北東アジア都市共同体」提案

동북아시장포럼1

モンゴル・ウランバートル市を訪問中のパク・ウォンスン(朴元淳)市長は9月21日、「第2回北東アジア市長ファーラム」で、市民から都市へとガバナンスを強化しようと、北東アジア都市共同体構想を提案しました。

北東アジア市長フォーラムは、北東アジア諸都市の市長と国際機関の関係者らが一堂に会し、環境や都市化といった問題の解決に向けた都市間の連携を模索する場です。同日の開会式には、中国や日本、ロシアなど10カ国余りの都市の市長とアジア開発銀行(ADB)、世界銀行など20余りの国際機関の関係者約200人が出席しました。

パク市長は、「北東アジア諸都市は、航空機で2~3時間あれば行ける地理的条件や似通った歴史・文化、DNAなど、心さえ開けばいつでも兄弟姉妹になれる数多くの同質性を持っている。欧州連合(EU)、北米自由貿易協定(NAFTA)、東南アジア諸国連合(ASEAN)といった共同体を形成し、環境及び気候変動への共同対応、東アジアの平和と共存共栄、経済共同体形成の道をともに模索しよう」と呼びかけました。

また、「気候変動に対応するためには、何よりも都市化に対する新たな企画が必要だ。“新たな都市化”のモデルとして、気候変動に対応する都市、エネルギー自立の基盤を備えた都市、人間と自然が共存する持続可能な都市」を提示しました。

パク市長は、かつてソウルも開発一辺倒の政策で環境を破壊した一面があったものの、政策的努力と市民の協力によってソウルの環境が改善され、どれほど安全になったかについて、「原発を一つ減らそう」といった様々な政策事例を挙げながら説明しました。また、開発と環境保全が同時に達成される「持続可能な開発」の事例がソウル市であることを強調しました。




パク・ウォンスン市長 ウランバートル市長と面会、実質的交流・協力強化へ

울란바토르 시장 면담1

パク・ウォンスン(朴元淳)市長は9月21日、モンゴル訪問の最初の日程としてウランバートルのエルデネ・バトゥール(Erdene Bat-Uul)市長と面会し、不十分な都市インフラと無分別な都市開発という問題の解決に向けてマスタープランを策定中のウランバートルと、ソウル市の先進的な都市化のノウハウと優れた政策を積極的に共有することを約束しました。

バトゥール市長は、急激な都市化による都市問題の解決と成長のノウハウを有するソウル市に対し、ウランバートルの発展構想づくりへのアドバイスを求めました。

パク市長が民間企業12社とともに訪問したのは、ウランバートル市長の5月のソウル訪問の際に、パク市長がウランバートルを訪問する際はソウルの優れた政策を学びたいという意志を表明したことによるものです。

ソウル市は1995年の姉妹締結以来、ウランバートルと文化・環境分野で緊密に連携してきましたが、今後は優れた政策の輸出など、実質的な交流・協力強化を期待しています。

パク市長は、「“大海の水も一滴から”というモンゴルのことわざの通り、ソウル市とウランバートルはこの20年間で友好関係を深めてきた。韓蒙国交正常化25周年とソウル市‐ウランバートル姉妹締結20周年の節目を機に、両国の首都ソウル市とウランバートルの交流がさらに強化・成熟することを期待する」と述べています。




パク市長 ウランバートル訪問…「友好・経済」関係深める

울란바토르

韓蒙国交正常化25周年とソウル‐ウランバートル姉妹締結20周年の節目を機に、パク・ウォンスン(朴元淳)市長が3泊4日(9月20~23日)の日程でモンゴルの首都ウランバートルを訪問します。今回の訪問は、ウランバートルのエルデネ・バトウール(Erdene Bat-Uul)市長が5月にソウルを訪問したことに対する答訪です。ソウル市は、今回の訪問を通じ、20年間に渡って維持してきた両都市間の友好をさらに深めると同時に、経済的実利も収めたいとしています。

急激な都市化が進むウランバートルは、「ハンガン(漢江)の奇跡」を起こしたソウル市の開発のノウハウを学ぼうと意欲満々です。端末にICカードをかざして決済するソウル市の交通カードシステムは、7月から正式にサービスが開始されました。

パク市長はウランバートル市長と面会し、スマートシティや環境、災害セキュリティ、都市計画など、都市発展に向けた政策交流及び事業推進を強化する政策共有共同宣言を発表する予定です。

パク市長は、ウランバートルとの交流・連携強化の他にも、モンゴル外務省が主催する「第2回北東アジア市場フォーラム」での基調演説やモンゴルのツァヒアギーン・エルベグドルジ(Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj)大統領との面談などを通じ、北東アジアをリードする都市「ソウル市」をアピールする計画です。

パク市長は、「限りなき挑戦とコミュニケーションというノマド(遊牧民)精神がモンゴル大帝国を築き上げたように、ソウル市とモンゴルの継続的なコミュニケーションと交流が、両都市はもとより、アジアの発展も後押しすることを期待する」と述べています。




ソウル市 地下鉄駅出入口付近も禁煙区域に

금연

ソウル市は、地下鉄駅出入口1,662カ所とセジョン(世宗)大路など8車線以上の道路5カ所を2016年4月から禁煙区域に指定します。地下鉄駅出入口は10メートル以内で、8車線以上の道路は両側の歩道でタバコを吸うことができなくなります。

ソウル市は、2015年1月から市内の全飲食店を全面禁煙区域に指定し、屋外禁煙区域の拡大に向け屋内外禁煙区域の全面整備推進計画を再度取りまとめ、2016年4月から施行します。

ソウル市は、2012年から推進してきた屋内禁煙が市民の積極的な協力と行政力強化によって定着段階に入っただけに、今後は多くの市民が利用する屋外施設の禁煙区域拡大に重点を置く計画です。今年は街路沿いのバス停と学校周辺、2016年は地下鉄駅出入口と主要道路が指定対象です。

現在、禁煙区域として指定・運営されているのは、公共庁舎やインターネットカフェ、飲食店といった屋内大衆利用施設、街路沿いのバス停、保育所・幼稚園の周辺、都市公園など23万4,244カ所です。屋内禁煙区域は3年前の3倍になりました。




ヨンナム(延南)洞

ソウル市東部に位置するヨンナム(延南)洞の魅力あふれる裏通りは、ソウル市の名所になりつつあります。近隣のホンデ(弘大)やシンチョン(新村)に比べて賃料の安いことを生かし、この街のショップやレストランはユニークな料理や商品を販売しています。多くの人が行き交う裏通りの活気あふれる雰囲気を肌で感じたい人は夜の早い時間帯に行ってみましょう。おすすめの店は、ブックカフェ「ピノキオ」とカフェ「コーヒー・リブレ」です。

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A space where time stands still, “Seonyudo Park”

Halfway across Yanghwadaegyo Bridge, which connects Hapjeong-dong and Dangsan-dong, there is a park floating on the river like a huge ship. Once the site of a water purification plant that supplied drinking water to the southwestern district of Seoul, when it was closed, the plant was reborn as Seonyudo Park, an ecological space on the Hangang River, using some of the old plant structures. By recycling industrial
facilities that have become obsolete, the history of this once famous spot on the Hangang River has been revived, and thus people call the Seonyudo Park as the “resurrection of the past.” The park fully utilizes the old structures of the water purification plant and features four thematic parks connected through a water circulation system and botanical garden. After eight months of design work and one and half years of construction, the small island that is home to Seonyubong Peak was transformed into an eco-friendly urban park. Through the industrialization and urbanization of Seoul, numerous industrial facilities have come to sprawl across the city, but as Korea’s electronics industry has grown, they become obsolete and have been, or are about to be, demolished.

However, through an agreement between citizens and specialists, the Seonyu Water Purification Plant was reborn as an urban park, a remarkable event that saw the city regain a once famous attraction on the Hangang River.




The Gandhi of Korea, “Ham Seok-heon Memorial Hall”

Ham Seok-heon’s House in Ssangmun-dong, Dobong-gu, will open its doors in September to serve as a memorial hall. After a year of remodeling, the old house where Ham once lived has been modified into an exhibition room and various spaces for citizens, while preserving as much of its original form as possible.

The memorial hall contains 400 relics, including books Ham read, books he wrote, his daily supplies, and video reels and audio recordings of his lectures. Also, it features a greenhouse, where the plants and flowers that he planted and tended still grow, as well as guest rooms where visitors can stay overnight, a feature which distinguishes it from other such memorial houses.

Known as the “Gandhi of Korea” and “a man who shouts into the wilderness,” Ham is still remembered by many people, who pay tribute to him as such. In the memorial hall, the story of Ham Seok-heon is reborn as the voice of seeds.”




The first private school in Suwon, “Adams Memorial Hall”

Suwon Hwaseong Fortress, with a total length of 5.7 kilometers and spanning an area of 1.2 square meters, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is the masterpiece of King Jeongjo of the Joseon Dynasty and features dozens of facilities, including four gates, especially Paldalmun Gate.

Near Hwahongmun Gate, north of Hwaseong, there remain the vestiges of Suwon’s vivid history of modern education. In the middle of the campus of the old Samil School, which has been expanded into a middle school, commercial high school, and industrial high school, stands Adams Memorial Hall, which was a school building during Korea’s modernization period.

This school building was constructed in 1923, the year of the 17th anniversary of the opening of the Samil School, which made its start by holding classes in just a few rooms in a church. Minister Nobel, who managed churches in Suwon at the time, began construction of the school with the support of the Adams Church, after which the Adams Memorial Hall was named.

Operating out of church buildings, Samil School started teaching dozens of students, and with the assistance of western missionaries, a new school building (now Adams Memorial Hall) was built to accommodate hundreds of students.

During the Japanese colonial period, the founders of Samil School were dedicated to saving their homeland through education, and their noble ideal has been cherished here for 100 years.




The cradle of secondary education, “Jeongdok Public Library”

Trekkers down from Inwangsan Mountain or tourists to Bukchon often visit this famous spot in Hwa-dong, Jongno-gu.

It was the location of Kyunggi High School, the most renowned school for elite students in the 1980s, and became Jeongdok Public Library when the school moved to Gangnam.

It is also the scene depicted in Inwangjesaekdo (“After Rain at Inwangsan Mountain”) painted by the famous Jeong Seon of the late Joseon Dynasty, Korea’s 216th national treasure. At the time of its construction, the school building was equipped with modern facilities, such as steam heating, and was later designated as a registered cultural property.

In 1976, when Kyunggi High School moved to Gangnam, the school was renovated to serve as a public library for citizens. The school held its last commencement ceremony on the 75th year since its foundation.

Now, the old school yard serves as a place for students and citizens to reminisce and remains a place infused with youth and love, especially for those who spent their youth here in the 1970s and 80s.




Bank buildings of the Incheon Treaty-Port era, “18th and 58th Bank Buildings”

During Korea’s modernization period, the street in front of Incheon’s Jung-gu Office was the center of Japanese leased territory. Shaped like a grid, the street was also the center of Japanese finance in Incheon.

In front of the old Japanese consulate (presently Jung-gu Office), there were three private banks. The numbers attached to the banks were their license numbers according to the ordinance of the national bank of Japan.

After Korea’s liberation, the 18th Bank building housed banks and commercial offices, but is now used to exhibit modern architecture from the Incheon Treaty-Port era and houses miniatures of modern architectural structures that have been lost or preserved. Just next to it stands a two-stry stone building that was once the 58th Bank, with its head office in Osaka.

The interior of these buildings have been changed somewhat due to repairs and renovations carried out so they could be used as banks and offices, but the exterior walls and pillars and left and right vertical windows still retain their original shapes and styles. These Japanese financial institutions were regarded as forward bases for exploitation; however, during Incheon Treaty-Port era, and even now, they attract the attention of citizens and tourists as cultural properties reminiscent of Korea’s past.




Site of the Student Independence Movement, “Seungdong Church”

If you walk from Tapgol Park through the small alleys toward the entrance of Insa-dong, you will find Seungdong Church, which was a main building in the area before the street became known as Insa-dong. Though it is now overshadowed by skyscrapers, it was once a magnificent monument erected against the backdrop of Bukhansan Mountain. Through an expansion project to increase the number of seats near the main gate, the round and arched windows at the facade of the church were removed, and the two entrances were combined into one. Though it has lost much of its original form through such modifications, the main building has been designated as a Tangible Cultural Property of Seoul Metropolitan City for its historical value as the starting place of the March 1st Independence Movement in 1919. At a time when there was strict discrimination between the nobles and commoners, Seungdong Church appointed a butcher, then the lowest social class, to the position of church elder, according to the spirit of Christianity, and such idealism was translated into the birth of the independence movement. Now, the church stands silently tall in Insa-dong, the street of Korean culture.




Defender of Korea’s national cultural heritage, “Gansong Jeon Hyeong-pil’s House”

On a desolate mountain road in Banghak-dong, Dobong-gu, where the Bukhansan Mountain trail begins, there sits Gansong Jeon Hyeong-pil House, the restoration of which has been underway since it was designated as a registered cultural property in 2012. After his uncle, who had raised him, died, Gansong built a tomb near the house and continued the family business, and now he is buried here as well. Built around 1900, the traditional Korean house served as the base from which his father, a major landowner, controlled crops in Hwanghae-do and Chungcheong-do. After the death of Gansong, the main house in Jongno-gu was demolished and repair work was carried out on Jeon Hyeong-pil House using the materials collected from the main house. However, the house became abandoned and suffered severe damage since the 1970s. Gansong was a collector of cultural relics, and although the scale of his collection, gathered over several decades, is not known exactly, they include many national treasures. During the Japanese colonization period, when Japanese collectors aggressively acquired cultural properties of the Joseon Dynasty from all across Korea, leveraging their money and power, Gansong practiced the generosity and nobility befitting his class. Inside the restored house, one can sense his ideal and the passion with which he tried to preserve the essence of Korean culture.