Aspiring to Democratization: Former Yeongdeungpo Prison
It is expected that Yeongdeungpo Prison, which opened under the name Bucheon Prison in 1949, will soon be gone. The prison is planned to be demolished to make way for a large residential and commercial complex.
Many well-known people were incarcerated at Yeongdeungpo Prison, a 67,696-square-meter land with 14 prison sections with an 800-persons capacity and 42 detention houses with a total capacity of 1,500 detainees. Among the many incidents that occurred there, the torture and killing of the Park Jong-cheol particularly raised the profile of the prison. Lee Bu-yeong (then secretary general of the Democratic Unification Movement), who was imprisoned there for leading the Incheon Incident on May 3rd, 1986, disclosed via a prison guard that Park Jong-cheol had been tortured to death by the Daegong Investigation Group in Namyeong-dong, resulting in the outbreak of the June Pro-Democracy Movement, and ultimately the Democracy Movement of 1987. Today, Yeongdeungpo Prison, stand as a witness to democratization, modern Korean history and the cruel treatment of political prisoners of that time, and it is about to be demolished. The prison was open to the public for only one day in Aril.